Why the electric motorcycle controller is the core of the powertrain

Why the electric motorcycle controller is the core of powertrain
Electric motorcycles are important tools for our daily mobility. As one of its three core components, the electric motorcycle controller has a crucial impact on its performance and user experience. Next, we'll break it down in more detail.
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    The responsibility of the electric motorcycle is to control the discharge rate of the battery, which can be said to be the main role in the system. The more power an electric motorcycle controller has, the faster it will be.

    If you have requirements for riding speed, you can choose a high-power electric motorcycle controller. At the same time, when driving, there will be steep slopes, and it can be easier to choose a controller with a large current limit.

    However, it should be noted that the higher the value of the electric motorcycle controller, the better. For example, installing an electric motorcycle controller on an electric bike will not only increase power consumption and reduce battery life but will also not significantly improve vehicle performance.

    If you are too lazy to make a choice, consider directly the big brand models, product quality and after-sales are guaranteed.

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    What is an electric motorcycle controller

    The electric motorcycle controller is a key component of the electric motorcycle and is based on the driving status of the vehicle and the driver’s input instructions. The motor is precisely controlled to ensure the safe and stable operation of the vehicle. The battery will also be protected from overcharging and overdischarging to extend battery life.

    How an electric motorcycle controller works

    The working principle of the controller is mainly based on the driving state of the vehicle and the operation of the user. Various sensor signals are processed through the circuit board, and the speed and steering of the motor are controlled to realize various driving functions of the vehicle.

    For example, when the accelerator pedal is pressed or the steering knob is turned, these actions are captured by the corresponding sensors and converted into electrical signals, which are then received and processed by the circuit board.

    How an electric motorcycle controller works

    According to the preset algorithm and logic, the circuit board controls the speed and steering of the motor through the drive circuit, so as to realize the driving control of the vehicle. Like the electric motor for bicycle.

    The role of an electric motorcycle controller

    • Maximize the power output of your electric motorcycle

    In order to maximize the power output of an electric motorcycle, parameters such as voltage, current, and temperature need to be properly controlled.

    • Voltage control

    The output voltage of the electric motorcycle battery directly affects the torque output of the motor. By adjusting the connection mode of the battery pack, the output voltage of the battery can be flexibly adjusted.

    During the acceleration phase, increasing the battery output voltage can enhance the torque output of the motor and improve the dynamic performance of the vehicle.

    • Current control

    The magnitude of the current directly determines the power output of the motor. Under the premise of ensuring safety, appropriately increasing the current can enhance the power performance of the motor.

    However, excessive current can cause the motor to overheat and shorten its service life. Therefore, precise control of the current is required.

    The role of an electric motorcycle controller

    • Temperature control

    The battery and motor of an electric motorcycle generate heat during operation. Excessive temperature will lead to deterioration of battery and motor performance, and may even lead to safety accidents in severe cases.

    Therefore, effective heat dissipation measures must be taken, such as installing heat sinks, adding fans, etc., to ensure the normal operation of the vehicle.

    Maintenance and fault judgment of electric motorcycle controller

    The electric motorcycle controller can control forward and backward, speed and stop. If something goes wrong, the operation will fail. The following are common failures and repair methods:

    • Riding is noisy and slows down

    The first thing to do is double check if there is a problem with the cable. If the cable detection is normal, then the internal components of the controller have failed, and the electric motorcycle controller needs to be replaced.

    When replacing the electric motorcycle controller, it is necessary to tighten the anti-slip screw to avoid damage to the controller element caused by a short circuit caused by bad road conditions and bumps. At the same time, all functions are as complete as possible.

    • Unable to start and difficult to implement

    In this case, the motor line is connected to power due to the virtual contact connection. You can unplug the three thick phase wires of the motor, and the laborious phenomenon of the cart disappears, indicating that the controller is broken.

    Maintenance and fault judgment of electric motorcycle controller

    Please replace it immediately. If it is still difficult to implement, it may be caused by a short circuit and burnout of the motor coil. Benlg electric motorcycle uses high-quality components.

    Most of them are internal faults of the controller, so don’t drag them forcibly when they can’t move. You can unplug any two of the three thick wires of the motor, and forcibly dragging will cause the motor coil to be short-circuited and burned out.

    • The cruising range is extremely short

    When the power is insufficient, the controller plays an under-voltage protection state. Check whether the wiring is in poor contact, and the internal parts of the electric motorcycle controller are soldered or damaged. When driving to the undervoltage point, the controller will stop powering up the ride or slow down.

    How to choose an electric motorcycle controller

    • Brand: Choose a well-known controller brand that can guarantee its quality and after-sales service. Benlg is always here.
    • Model: Understand the controller’s model and performance characteristics to ensure they match.
    • Compatibility: The optional controller needs to match the motor and battery specifications to ensure the normal operation of the vehicle.
    • Features and performance: You need to have the basic functions and performance you need to drive, such as speed control, battery management, and so on.
    • Stability and reliability: It directly affects the running effect and service life of the electric two-wheeler.
    • After-sales service: Choose a brand with perfect after-sales service, you can get timely solutions and maintenance when you encounter problems.

    How to choose an electric motorcycle controller

    In short, the electric motorcycle controller is one of the core components, and its working principle and role directly affect the performance and use of the vehicle. When purchasing, it is necessary to pay attention to many factors, such as brand, model, matching, functional performance, stability and reliability, and after-sales service, so as to ensure the normal operation and service life of electric motorcycles.

    Conclusion

    The main function of the electric motorcycle controller is to control the speed of the motor to realize the driving, acceleration, deceleration and other functions of the vehicle.

    At the same time, it is also responsible for battery management to ensure the normal operation of the vehicle. Specifically, the controller can realize the efficient conversion of energy through the control of the motor, and improve the power and economy. In addition, it can provide more accurate vehicle control and improve driving safety by integrating multiple sensor information.

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